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  ASEAN Technical Workshop - Peatland Fire Prediction and Early Warning System 20-21 March 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia [Page 3]

 

Fire Prevention and Control Mechanism in Peatland of Thailand

By: Chonthida Chernkhunthod, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Abstract:

Total area of peatland in Thailand is 64,555 hectare (0.13 percent of country area). 23 percent of peatland are protected area as non-hunting area and wildlife sanctuary and 77 percent are national reserve forest and agricultural development area. In Thailand, the major cause of peat swamp forest degraded is forest fire. According to the official statistics collected since 1985, there were very few number of nature-caused fire recorded.

Therefore generally speaking all fire are man-caused, especially by rural people who live in or adjacent to forest. The main reason that the people setting fire are gathering of forest non-timber product, agricultural debris burning and hunting.

Forest Fire Control Division, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant conservation is the main agency responsible for forest fire control and management in protected area. The main activities include prevention, fuel management, detection and suppression.

In peat swamp forest area, to prevent the fire effectively, it is necessary that the water level must be maintained above the soil surface of peatland by using the water control gate, weirs and sandbagging and also monitoring water level every week. For campaign against fire, A lot of method for prevention campaign are deployed such as a mobile unit which the fire officer go to communicate with people directly, the education program for the student, campaign on all kind of mass media available, fire exhibition, billboard, training course of villager and youth fire volunteer. For fuel management, the thickness and quantities of peat are quantified once a year. Fire detection is very crucial activity, the ground and air patrol are done in peat swamp forest all year round. For suppress fire, the important equipment have been prepared before fire season such as water pump, rubber tube, collapsible tank, etc. and also prepare fire crew for suppress fire.

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Regional Southeast Asia Wildland Fire Science and Management Network and the Challenge to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission due to Forest Fires at Regional Level 
 

By: Bambang Hero Saharjo, Regional Southeast Asia Wildland Fire Science and Management Network

Abstract:

It had been well known that during the dry season especially in El-Nino year thousand of hotspots produced during burning at Southeast Asian countries region and followed by haze that blanket for certain period in the peat area hence many negatif environmental impact occured direct or indirectly. The worst situation due to those fires especially on peat could be seen especially in the period of 1982/1983, 1997/1998, 2002, 2004, and 2006. Most of those fires come from the land preparation activities using fire done not only by local people but also by companies. Earlier 2000, at regional ASEAN level there was an initiative to solve the problem through the Southeast Asian Fire Danger Rating System-project funded by CIDA-project, Canada. Many ASEAN countries involved through their national institution and also by researchers from university. In the year 2002, ASEAN Transboundary Haze Agreement as other initiatve to fight the haze at regional level signed in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which until today there is one country left behind that not sign the MoU. At regional level at least two initiative had been established that trying to solve haze problem which mostly due to peat fires. Those all of information regarding hotspot and monitoring managed by ASEAN secretariat. Unfortunately due to the field implementation is not so good hence not so many significant impact resulted, because it had been found that the reducing of hotspot recently mostly due to rain but not caused by prevention activities.

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